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About CARE Hospitals

With 14 hospitals spread across 6 cities, CARE Hospitals is a regional leader in tertiary care. It is ranked among the top 5 pan-Indian hospital chains and is driven by the core principle ‘to provide care that people trust’ through cost-effective medical care in more than 30 specialties.

What is a Stroke?

A stroke is a condition that is typically referred to as a cardiovascular accident or a CVA. During a stroke, blood supply to the brain cells is interrupted leading to cell death. This interruption of regular blood flow could be due to a blockage in the blood vessels (ischemic stroke) or due to the rupturing and bleeding of the blood vessel (haemorrhagic stroke). Lack of oxygen from blood damages the brain cells leading to cell death within minutes. This makes it very important for a person having a stroke to get immediate medical attention and treatment.

Remember FAST

If you suspect that a family member or a colleague is suffering from a stroke, it is very important to call the CARE Hospital's emergency response team and provide prompt medical treatment. This goes a long way in preventing brain damage and cell death, disability and paralysis, and death. To be able to do this, it is important to recognise the symptoms of a stroke –

  • Confusion, trouble speaking and understanding, slurring speech
  • Trouble walking and/or standing, loss of coordination and balance, paralysis, weakness in one side of the body
  • Numbness of the face
  • Sudden and severe headache
  • Vision problems with one or both eyes, blurry vision or seeing black spots
  • Dizziness

The acronym FAST stands for -

  • Face – drooping or numbness
  • Arm - weakness of arms, inability to lift
  • Speech - slurring
  • Time – to call for medical assistance

Risk Factors

The risk of stroke is elevated by a number of factors such as being overweight, cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption and consumption of illegal drugs. A number of medical conditions such as hypertension, high cholesterol, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, sleep apnoea etc. also increase the risk of suffering from a stroke. The risk also increases depending on your age, race, sex, use of certain medicines and hormones.

The risk of developing a stroke can be significantly reduced by making lifestyle such as quitting smoking, limiting alcohol intake, losing excess weight, exercising regularly, and managing stress. If you have a family history of ischemic diseases or stroke, it is important to discuss any medications you may have with your doctor.

Diagnosis and Treatment

When a person suspected of stroke is rushed to the hospital, the doctor may immediately examine the patient, run blood tests and imaging tests such as a CT scan/MRI, echocardiogram, angiogram, or ultrasound if necessary.

In case of an ischemic stroke emergency, medication that can break up the clot must be administered within 4-4.5 hours of the initial symptoms. These are administered intravenously. Sometimes emergency endovascular procedures are also undertaken to remove the clot. Other procedures such as angioplasty (and stent insertion) and endarterectomy are undertaken to prevent a subsequent ischemic attack. Haemorrhagic strokes are usually treated by surgically repairing the damaged blood vessels.

Stroke patients who have suffered paralysis or disability may require long term support and rehabilitation. A stroke can result in movement and/or speech challenges which may leave the patient with a need for therapy. It is important for friends and family to understand these long-term challenges and remain supportive.

Why CARE Hospitals?

CARE Hospitals is recognized as the most advanced, all-round health care centre in the country, powered by cross-functional teams comprising of surgeons, critical care and emergency medicine specialists. The founding team of CARE Hospitals comprises of medical innovators and pioneers who are passionately driven to make healthcare affordable for all, while ensuring clinical outcomes at par with international standards.

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