Vasectomy procedure is a surgical option for male sterilization. A vasectomy surgery prevents sperms from being released providing a permanent contraception. The effectiveness of the surgery depends on the expertise of the surgeon. If performed by an expert, there is about 1 in 1000 chances for this surgery to fail. The surgeon will perform the vasectomy through a small incision in the scrotum and by blocking the vas deferens. This procedure has minimal downtime and you may go home about an hour after the surgery. The recovery period too is a very short one. The greatest advantage of a vasectomy is that it eliminates the need for external birth control options and has no side effects.