Urethrotomy is a surgical procedure that is sometimes recommended to manage a condition that is referred to as urethral stricture. In this condition, the urethra or the thin tube that carries urine from the bladder to be discharged, becomes narrow or blocked. This could happen because of a urinary infection, or some internal swelling or an injury. During the procedure, the expert surgeon will insert a cystoscope a long thin tube into the urethra. When this scope reaches the stricture, it will remove it or use laser to vaporise it. This is a rather safe procedure. Without treating the underlying cause, however, there may be the risk of recurrence.