Open Cholecystectomy is the surgery performed for the removal of gallbladder stones. Gall bladder stones and gall bladder diseases are some of the most common ailments in India. Open Cholecystectomy surgery removes gall bladder stones by way of a single incision in the upper part of the abdomen, under the rib cage. The bile duct that originates from the liver is then connected directly with the small intestine. The procedure is performed under general anaesthesia and the surgery can last between 1 and 2 hours. The advent of laparoscopic procedures has reduced the need for open cholecystectomy procedure, but the latter is still the preferred surgical option in the country for gall bladder stones. The patient may need to stay at the hospital for a few days following the surgery and will also need to bring about lifestyle and dietary changes in the long term.